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9 Essential Skills Every Teacher Must Have


Happy EDGE Tutor Photos for the blog: 9 Essential Skills Every Teacher Must Have

Teaching English online as a second language (ESL) is an important profession that shapes the futures of many learners. It's not just about teaching words and grammar; it's about helping students think critically, understand others, and keep learning throughout their lives. To be a great online ESL teacher, you need more than just knowing English well. You need to be good at adapting, explaining things clearly, and caring about your students' progress. Online teaching also means being able to use technology effectively and creating a friendly virtual classroom. 


Understanding these different skills is important because they all work together to make learning enjoyable and effective for ESL students online. In this article, we will explore the skills needed to become a successful teacher.


Core Skills You Must Have To Be a Teacher


1. Communication Skills


In ESL teaching, good communication is crucial for helping students understand English and feel comfortable expressing themselves. Here are some important aspects:


  • Speaking Clearly: Imagine you're teaching a grammar lesson on past tense. Instead of speaking quickly, you slow down your speech and articulate each word clearly. This helps students understand the pronunciation and usage of past tense verbs more effectively.


  • Listening Carefully: During a speaking activity, you notice a student struggling to pronounce certain words. You listen attentively to their attempts and provide gentle corrections and encouragement, showing them that you value their efforts and are there to support them.


  • Using Body Language: When teaching vocabulary related to emotions, you use facial expressions and gestures to convey the meanings of words like "happy," "surprised," and "thinking." This visual aid helps learners associate the words with the corresponding emotions, enhancing their comprehension.

What Skills A Teacher Must Have

2. Classroom Management Skills


Creating a positive and inclusive learning environment is essential in ESL classrooms. Here's how teachers can achieve this:


  • Making Everyone Feel Welcome: At the beginning of each class, you greet students individually, using their names and asking about their day. This personal touch helps students feel valued and accepted, contributing to a sense of belonging in the classroom.


  • Setting Clear Rules: During your class, you notice your student was  interrupted by someone during a discussion, gently reminding them about the rule to take turns speaking and listening respectfully can create a culture of mutual respect and cooperation between the students.


  • Resolving Conflicts Peacefully: Two students in your online class are arguing during a discussion. Instead of ignoring it, you help them talk calmly and listen to each other. By helping them find a solution, you teach them how to solve problems peacefully and keep the class positive.

3. Subject Matter Expertise


Having a good understanding of English is important for teaching ESL effectively. Here's how teachers can demonstrate expertise:


  • Knowing English Well: During a reading comprehension activity, a student asks about the meaning of a challenging vocabulary word. You provide a clear explanation and offer additional examples to ensure the student grasps the word's usage within the context of the text.


  • Learning Continuously: To stay updated with current teaching methodologies, you attend workshops and participate in online courses focused on ESL teaching. Implementing new strategies and techniques based on your learning keeps your teaching approach fresh and effective.


  • Explaining Things in Different Ways: When teaching a complex grammar concept, such as conditional sentences, you provide multiple explanations personalized to different learning styles. 


EDGE Tutor Tip: Visual learners benefit from diagrams, auditory learners from oral explanations, and kinesthetic learners from interactive activities.

4. Adaptability and Flexibility


Being able to change plans and adapt to students' needs is important in ESL teaching. Here's how teachers can do it:


  • Changing Teaching Methods: When you're teaching new words to students, you see that they're having a hard time remembering them. So, instead of just using regular flashcards, you decide to try something different. You use games and role-playing activities to make learning more fun and engaging. This way, students get to practice the words in different ways, which helps them remember better.

What Skills A Teacher Must Have

  • Dealing with Challenges: During an online lesson, technical difficulties interrupt the video conference unexpectedly. Instead of becoming flustered, you seamlessly transition to an alternative activity, such as a free talk conversation or independent reading task, to keep students engaged and focused on learning.

5. Organization and Time Management


Being organized and managing time well helps ESL teachers cover everything they need to in class. Here's how they can do it:


  • Planning Lessons: Before each class, you create a detailed lesson plan outlining learning objectives, activities, and assessments. This structured approach allows you to see the potential challenges and prepare resources in advance, ensuring smooth execution of each lesson.


  • Using Time Wisely: During speaking practice activities, you closely monitor the time to ensure that the student has an opportunity to participate. By setting clear time limits and rotating between tasks, you maximize engagement and optimize language practice opportunities for the student.

6. Empathy and Relationship Building


Understanding students' feelings and building good relationships with them helps ESL teachers create a positive learning environment. Here's how teachers can do it:


  • Understanding Students: Recognizing the challenges of learning a new language, you actively listen to students' frustrations and concerns, offering empathetic support and encouragement. By understanding their experiences and emotions, you create a safe and encouraging online environment where learners feel comfortable taking risks and making mistakes.

  • Building Relationships: You take the time to learn about each student's cultural background, interests, and aspirations, building meaningful connections based on mutual respect and understanding. By demonstrating genuine interest and care for your students, you establish trust and rapport, creating a supportive learning community where everyone feels valued and appreciated.

7. Creativity and Innovation


Being creative and trying new things keeps ESL lessons interesting and engaging. Here's how teachers can do it:


  • Designing Fun Lessons: To introduce a grammar concept like comparative adjectives, you can organize a personalized virtual "Fashion Show" activity. Through this approach, the student describes outfits using comparative language, making the learning experience both interactive and enjoyable. This method ensures that the student remains engaged and motivated, promoting their creativity and enthusiasm for language practice in a digital environment.


  • Using Different Resources: Instead of relying solely on textbooks, you can also use real things like newspaper articles, song lyrics, and short films. This helps students learn from different sources and understand different cultures. As a result, they become better at speaking and understanding the language, and they learn more about other cultures too.


8. Assessment and Feedback


Assessing students' progress and giving them feedback helps ESL teachers know how well students are learning. Here's how teachers can do it:


  • Testing Knowledge: After completing a unit on writing skills, you create a writing assessment task where students compose a descriptive paragraph. By evaluating their grammar accuracy, vocabulary usage, and coherence, you gain insights into their language proficiency levels and areas for improvement.


  • Giving Feedback: Instead of simply correcting errors, you provide constructive feedback that highlights students' strengths and offers specific suggestions for improvement. By praising their efforts and acknowledging progress, you motivate students to continue refining their language skills and striving for excellence.


9. Collaboration and Teamwork


Working together with colleagues and students' families helps ESL teachers support students' learning. Here's how teachers can do it:


  • Working with Others: You collaborate with experienced ESL tutors, classroom teachers, and community support to create special plans for English language learners (ELLs). These plans ensure that ELLs receive the right help and support they need. By combining everyone's knowledge and resources, you make a team effort to help every student succeed.


  • Supporting Students: Recognizing the importance of parental involvement in students' education, you maintain open communication with families, providing regular updates on students' progress and offering strategies for supporting language development at home. 


Cultivating Excellence in Teaching Practice


Mastering these teaching skills and using them in ESL instruction helps create engaging learning experiences that boost language development and cultural understanding. If you want to be a better teacher, keep learning and practicing these skills. And if you're ready to improve even more, join EDGE Tutor today! It's a community where teachers like you can get help and resources to grow!


Don't miss out on this opportunity to enhance your teaching career and empower your students to succeed!



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